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(effective from April 19, 2019)

Instructions for Authors

Aims, Scope and Policy
Food Science and Industry (Food Sci. Ind.; FSI) (ISSN: 0257-2397), which was launched in 1968, has played a major role in filling the gap between primary academic journals and general magazines for disseminating trends and advances in current and the most promising research developments and policies concerning food industry and its applications. The FSI is a peer-reviewed journal publishing critical reviews and survey articles four times a year (March, June, September, December) by the Korean Society of Food Science and Technology (KoSFoST). FSI also welcomes research articles related to food science and industry. Topics include current food and industrial technology, policy, legislation, traditional Korean foods, food (bio)chemistry, microbiology, technology, and health aspects of foods.
Types of Manuscripts
The journal accepts the following types of article: Reviews, Survey articles, and Research articles. The manuscripts submitted for publication must contain no materials that violate any copyright or other personal or proprietary right of any person or entity. Authors must include continuous line numbering on all the manuscript pages; and, the pages should be sequentially numbered.
  • Manuscript for Reviews The reviews are invited by the Editorial Board. Alternatively, potential authors considering the preparation of a review article should contact the Editor-in-Chief to suggest the topic and outline in the form of major headings and a summary statement. The basic format for reviews is title page, abstract, introduction, main text, and references. Summary tables and figures dealing with key points should be used liberally. Use headings and subheadings in the main text as needed.

    FSI covers 2 types of reviews: one is a comprehensive review and the other is a mini review, which is a brief summary of developments in fast moving areas related to food science and industry.
  • Manuscript for Survey articles The survey articles are not original research works. Generally, they are written by distinguished researchers in a particular field to summarize evolution of that research discipline from inception to the current state of the art. Survey articles cover a broad landscape while encapsulating all the essentials developments. A survey article follows the same format for the reviews as described above.
  • Manuscript for Research Articles Research articles are necessarily an original and concise reports describing the important results and methods that need urgent communication and contribute new knowledge. A research article should be a concise report of an independent line of research. The word count in these manuscripts should not exceed 3,000 words, excluding tables and figures, and, the abstract must be less than 150 words. The tables and figures are limited up to 3 in any combination.
Editorial Policy
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as - tacitly or explicitly - by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out. The author warrants that his/her contribution is original and that he/she has full power to make this grant. All the manuscripts to Food Science and Industry should adhere to these regulations. By submission of a manuscript to the journal, the authors guarantee that they have the authority to publish the work and that the manuscript, or one with substantially the same content, was not published previously, is not being considered or published elsewhere.
Ethical Guidelines
The journal expects authors to abide by the guidelines of those statutory bodies, or, discipline that are specific to the country of origin, or, execution of the research.
Publication Ethics
FSI will assist with the detection of "Plagiarism" by using CrossCheck or help to undertake further necessary action via the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE). If you take notice of any unethical irregularities to the Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology (KJFST) content, please get in touch with us. It is highly recommended that the authors pursue individual "Plagiarism" check and attach the similarity report, before manuscript submission, by using a specific program provided by their own institutes or a free text similarity service such as Copykiller and Turnitin. In preparation of a manuscript, the following information should be included, if necessary, in where appropriate prior to submission:
Conflict of Interest
When an author or the institution of the author has a relationship, financial or otherwise, with individuals or organizations that could influence the author's work inappropriately, a conflict of interest may exist. Examples of potential conflicts of interest may include but are not limited to academic, personal, or political relationships; employment; consultancies or honoraria; and finical connections such as stock ownership and funding. Although an author may not feel that there are conflicts, disclosure of relationships and interests that could be viewed by others as conflicts of interest affords a more transparent and prudent process. All authors must disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest. FSI may publish such disclosures if judged to be important to readers.

The Conflict of Interest statement should list each author separately by name:
  • Kim declares that he has no conflict of interest.
  • Lee has received research grants from Food Company A.
  • Park has received a speaker honorarium from Drug Company B and owns stock in Food Company C.
  • If multiple authors declare no conflict, this can be done in one sentence: Kim, Lee, and Park declare that they have no conflict of interest.
  • If all the authors declare no conflict, this can be done in one sentence: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Statement of Human and Animal Rights
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 and 2008. Any study including human subjects or human data must be reviewed and approved by a responsible institutional review board (IRB). If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
  • For studies with animals, include the following sentence:
    'All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals, were followed.'
  • For articles that do not contain studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors. While it is not absolutely necessary, we recommend to include the following sentence, just to make sure that readers are aware that there are no ethical issues with human or animal subjects:
    'This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the any of the authors.'
Disclosure
FSI requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Submission of Manuscript KJFST operates an on-line submission system. Details of how to submit online and full author instructions can be found at: http://www.kosfost.or.kr. Papers in a series are not accepted. Membership in KoSFoST is not a prerequisite for submission of manuscript for publication.
Submission of Manuscript
FSI operates an on-line submission system. Details of how to submit online and full author instructions can be found at: http://www.fsni.or.kr/submission/Login.html. Papers in a series are not accepted. Membership in KoSFoST is a prerequisite for submission of manuscript for publication with some exceptions.
Editorial Procedures and Peer Review
All manuscripts are subject to peer review for the validity of the significance and appropriateness for the Journal. English abstracts written by authors who are unsure of proper English usage should be checked by someone proficient in the English language before submission. Manuscripts failing to meet the standards or poorly written or formatted are editorially rejected without further review. The author may submit the names and addresses including email addresses and telephone numbers of 4 potential reviewers; however, the Editor is not under obligation to use the listed individuals. The author is expected to respond to all reviewers' comments either by making appropriate revisions or stating why the comments are unreasonable. The Editor will consider the revisions, acceptance and rejection the manuscript. During the submission process, the author may track the process of his or her manuscript at any time by logging onto the Web site. For this purpose, the author will need user ID number and password.
Copyright
A properly completed 'Transfer of Copyright Form' must be provided for each submitted manuscript. The corresponding author is asked to sign it on behalf of all authors before the manuscript is published. A form is available from the http://kjfst.or.kr or http://www.kofost.or.kr.
Proofs
Authors will receive galley proofs via e-mail and should be returned within 48 hours. No paper is released for publication until the author's corrected proof has been received.
Page Charges
No page charges are applied. Please note that any figure (picture) submitted in color will be reviewed and processed with the understanding that the figure will be published in color, incurring a color figure fee for manuscripts.

Instructions For Manuscript Preparation

Manuscript Format for Review, Survey and Research Articles
Manuscripts must be double-spaced with a recent version of word processor (Microsoft Word) in Korean and/or English (American spelling and usage). All pages must be numbered consecutively starting with the title page and including tables and figures. Lines in the abstract and text should be consecutively numbered in a separate column at the left, but not in the page of tables and figures. A standard font, in a size of 10(Korean)-12(English) points, must be used. Use 2 commas in a series of 3 items (A, B, and C). Common name of plant or food with a scientific or botanical name should be written in full at first mention in the manuscript. For example, the plant, Fagopyrum tataricum (tartary buckwheat), was grown in the experimental field. Abbreviations must not be used at first use in the text. Spell out the word(s) at first use and give the abbreviation in parentheses. Abbreviate 'equation' or 'figure' only if you are using the word with a figure number. Do not abbreviate if 'Equation' or 'Figure' begins the sentence, even if you are using the word with an equation number or a figure number. If citing more than one equation or figure, do not make the abbreviation plural (for example, 'Eq. 1 and 2' or 'Fig. 1 and 2' is correct).

The manuscript should be assembled in the following sequence:
  • Title and Authorship (single page)
  • Abstract and Keywords (single page)
  • Introduction
  • Materials and methods (in the case of Research Articles)
  • Body of the main text
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Figure Captions
  • Tables (one table per page)
  • Figures (one figure per page)
  1. 0. Cover letter All manuscripts must be accompanied by a cover letter that clearly presents the descriptions about the significance of reviews, surveys, or research works, including its originality, its contribution to new knowledge in the field, and its relevance to the journal's aims and scope in Food Science and Industry.
  2. 1. Title page The title page should include the title, full names, and institutional affiliations of all authors. Short version of running title (less than 50 letters and spaces) is provided, followed by the mailing addresses including city name (in case of small cities), province name, postal code, country name of the corresponding author. If the affiliations of the authors are different, authors should be marked with superscript numeral designations and the affiliations should be addressed in the numerical order. The name of the corresponding author to whom inquiries about the paper should be addressed must be marked with an asterisk and provide the telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address. If the current address of any author is different, include it in a footnote on the title page.
  3. 2. Abstract and Keywords The abstract should be a clear, concise, one-paragraph summary giving what was done, how it was done, significant results, and major conclusions. Do not use such statements starting 'I~' or 'We~' or 'Results are discussed'. Abstract must be 150 words or less. Please provide a minimum of 5 and a maximum of 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.
  4. 3. Introduction Introduction should include a brief review of pertinent work citing key references, and objectives of the work. Provide an adequate background to your work (do not resort to self citation, unless it is very essential) outlining the issue that is being addressed and clearly state the objectives of your work. Text that does not exceed 2 typed pages is recommended.
  5. # Material and methods (in the case of Research Articles) This section should have sufficient details in order to allow the work to be reproduced by any fellow researcher interested in the area. If standard methods/globally accepted protocols are used, mere mention of the method along with details of any relevant modifications made should be described. The section should also provide details of the raw material/starting material, the source, the components in it and changes that would have happened due to any processing before or after use, if it is relevant to the study. In case of theoretical papers / engineering calculations, the section should provide an extended (not repeating what is already dealt in introduction) foundation for the current and further work. In other words, the calculation section should represent its practicality in the context of the MS from a theoretical basis.
  6. 4. Body of the main text Present and discuss body concisely, using tables and figures, comparing with previous work. Do not present the same information in tables and figures. Avoid comparisons or contrasts that are not pertinent and avoid speculation unsupported by the data obtained. The article should be divided into clearly defined sections as mentioned below and each section heading should appear on its own in a separate line. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Please do not use more than three levels of displayed headings. Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and should be grouped at the end of the manuscript. Footnotes in tables should be given numeral designations and be cited in the table by superscript. The sequence of numerals should proceed by row. Tables with only a few values should be written into the text. Do not include data that are not discussed in the text. Round off numbers to significant digits. Figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and should be grouped at the end of the manuscript.
  7. 5. Conclusions Conclusion should include a brief summary of pertinent work. Text that does not exceed 2 typed pages is recommended.
  8. 6. Acknowledgments List sources of financial or material support and the names of individuals whose contributions were significant but not deserving of authorship.
  9. 7. References Reference list should be ordered alphabetically by the last name of the first author. Order multi-author publications of the same first author alphabetically with respect to second, third, etc. author. Publications of the same authors must be ordered chronologically. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their references. References format is described below.
  10. 8. Appendix Complicated calculations and detailed nomenclature are listed.
  11. Formatting Tables and Artworks
    • Descriptions and contents of all tables can be written in English or Korean, but English is highly recommended. In a single paper, one language should be unified.
    • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
    • Each table should be stand alone and has to provide all the details
    • Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
    • For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
    • Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
    • Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.
  12. Artwork and Illustrations Guidelines For the best quality final product, it is highly recommended that you submit all of your artwork - photographs, line drawings, etc. - in an electronic format. Your art will then be produced to the highest standards with the greatest accuracy to detail. The published work will directly reflect the quality of the artwork provided.
  13. Electronic Figure Submission
    • Supply all figures electronically.
    • Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.
    • For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIFF format.
    • MS Office files are also acceptable.
    • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
    • Name your figure files with "Fig" and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.
  14. Line Art
    • Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.
    • Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
    • All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.
    • Scanned line drawings and line drawings in bitmap format should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.
    • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
  15. Halftone Art
    • Definition: Photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.
    • If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
    • Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
  16. Combination Art
    • Definition: a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color diagrams, etc.
    • Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.
  17. Color Art
    • Color art is free of charge for online publication.
    • If black and white will be shown in the print version, make sure that the main information will still be visible. Many colors are not distinguishable from one another when converted to black and white. A simple way to check this is to make a xerographic copy to see if the necessary distinctions between the different colors are still apparent.
    • If the figures will be printed in black and white, do not refer to color in the captions.
    • Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).
  18. Figure Lettering
    • Lettering and contents of all figures can be written in English or Korean, but English is highly recommended. In a single paper, one language should be unified.
    • To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans serif fonts).
    • Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2-3 mm (8-12 pt).
    • Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
    • Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
    • Do not include titles or captions within your illustrations.
  19. Figure Numbering
    • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
    • Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
    • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters [(a), (b), (c), etc.).
    • If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc." Figures in online appendices (Electronic Supplementary Material) should, however, be numbered separately.
  20. Figure Captions
    • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts.
    • Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.
    • Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
    • No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
    • Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
    • Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.
  21. Figure Placement and Size
    • When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.
    • For most journals the figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.
    • For books and book-sized journals, the figures should be 80 mm or 122 mm wide and not higher than 198 mm.
Permissions
If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. Please be aware that some publishers do not grant electronic rights for free and that Springer will not be able to refund any costs that may have occurred to receive these permissions. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.
Formatting References
References should be cited only necessary publications and used primary rather than secondary references when possible. All references can be written in English or Korean, but English is highly recommended. It is acceptable to cite work that is accepted but not published with the pertinent year and volume number of the reference. Works that are 'submitted', 'unpublished', and 'personal communications' are not accepted. The Journal titles must be abbreviated according to ISI Journal Abbreviation Index. Reference list should be ordered alphabetically by the last name of the first author. Publications of the same authors must be ordered chronologically. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., with respect to second, third, etc. author, placed after the year of publication. Order multi-author publications of the same first author alphabetically.

In Text All citations in the text should refer to:

Examples
  • One author: Kim (2002) or (Kim, 2002)
  • Two authors or more: Miller et al. (2002) or (Miller et al., 2002)
  • Multiple works by the same author: Smith et al. (2002a)…/Smith et al. (2002b)

In Reference section

Journal article
Author(s). Article title. Journal title. Volume number: inclusive pages. Year in parentheses.
Examples
  • Lee EY, Woo GJ, Park J. Separation of antimicrobial hen egg white lysozyme using ultrafiltration. Food Sci. Biotechnol. 12: 371-375 (2003) (Use issue number only if each issue begins with page 1.)
Books
Author(s) or editor(s). Title. Edition or volume. Publisher name, Place of publication. Number of cited pages or inclusive pages. Year in parentheses.
Examples
  • Stauffer CE. Emulsifiers. Eagan Press, St. Paul, MN, USA. pp. 25-45 (1999)
  • AACC. Approved Method of the AACC. 10th ed. Method 26-10. American Association of Cereal Chemists, St. Paul, MN, USA (2000)
  • AOAC. Official Method of Analysis of AOAC Intl. 16th ed. Method 991.43. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA, USA (1995)
  • SAS Institute, Inc. SAS User's Guide. Statistical Analysis Systems Institute, Cary, NC, USA (1990)
  • Lee SR. Hankuk eui Balhyo Sikpum (Fermented Foods of Korea). Ewha Press, Seoul, Korea. pp. 142-155 (1986)
Chapter in book
Author(s) of the chapter. Chapter title. Volume (if relevant). Inclusive pages of the chapter. In: Title of the book. Author(s) or editor(s). Publisher name, Place of publication. Year in parentheses.
Examples
  • Sand R. Structure and conformation of hydrocolloids. Vol. I, pp. 19-46. In: Food Hydrocolloids. Glicksman M (ed). CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, USA (1982)
Conference proceedings
Author(s). Title. Inclusive pages. In: Title of publication or conference. Inclusive dates, place of conference. Publisher name, place of publication. Year in parentheses.
Examples
  • Kurzer MS. Isoflavones and menopausal health. pp. 29-42. In: International Symposium on Soybean and Human Health. November 17, J. W. Marriott Hotel, Seoul, Korea. The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology, Seoul, Korea (2000)
Conference abstracts
Author(s) of abstract. Title of abstract (abstract number). In: Title of publication or name of conference. Inclusive dates, place of conference. Publisher, place of publication. Year in parentheses.
Examples
  • Kaasova J, Kadlec P, Bubnik Z, Pour V. Microwave drying of rice (abstract no. M07-1). In: Abstracts: 11th World Congress of Food Science and Technology. April 22-27, COEX Convention Center, Seoul, Korea. The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology, Seoul, Korea (2001)
Dissertation
Author. Title. PhD or MS thesis, Institute granting the degree, Place of institution. Year in parentheses.
Examples
  • Baik M. Effect of water and water migration on starch retrogradation and thermomechanical properties of bread during staling. PhD thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA (2001)
Patents
Name(s) of the inventor. Title. Name of country issuing the patent and the patent number. Year in parentheses.
Examples
  • Shi YC, Trzasko PT. Process for producing amylase resistant granular starch. U.S. Patent 5,593,503 (1997)
In press articles
Author(s). Article title. Journal title. Volume: in press. Year in parentheses.
Examples
  • Yoon HN. Sensory evaluation of kimchi using two ethnic groups. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 36: in press (2004)
Web page
Author(s). Title. Available from: URL. Accessed date.
Examples
  • Food and Drug Administration. Detection and quantitation of acrylamide in foods. Available from: http://cfsan.fda.gov. Accessed Dec. 27, 2003.

Units of measurement FSI uses the SI system (often referred to International Units) for most units of measurement. Some exceptions are listed below. Commonly used empirical units are permissible.
  • cal = calorie
  • kcal = kilocalorie
  • cm = centimeter
  • cp = centipoise
  • s = second
  • min = minute
  • h = hour
  • L = liter
  • g = gram
  • M = molar
  • mol = mole
  • N = normal
  • % = percent (designate w/v, v/v or w/w in lower case)
  • ppm = part per million
  • ppb = part per billion
  • oBx = Brix
  • Da = Dalton
  • CFU = colony forming unit
  • Mw = molecular weight
  • Aw = water activity
Never use a plural form for the symbols; for example, 30 kgs would be incorrect. Give a space between measurement and number (for example, 25 mm) but no space between number and degree sign (for example, 25oC) and % sign (for example, 35%). The range is formatted as 0.3-0.9 g.
Abbreviation
Following abbreviations can be exempted without full names.
Biological, Chemical, Microbiological
  • ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate))
  • AAPH (2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride;
  • (1Z,1'Z)-2,2'-[(E)-1,2-diazenediyl]bis(2-methylpropanimidamide)dihydrochloride)
  • CHAPS (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate)
  • DPPH (2,2,-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl; di(phenyl)-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)iminoazanium)
  • EDTA (ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid; 2,2′,2″,2‴-(ethane-1,2-diyldinitrilo)tetraacetic acid)
  • HEPES (4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid;
  • 2-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethanesulfonic acid)
  • HDL (high-density lipoprotein), LDL (low-density lipoprotein)
  • MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide)
  • NAD+/NADH (nicoti namide adenine dinucleotide)
  • NADP+/NADPH (nicoti namideadenine dinucleotide phosphate)
  • PCR (polymerase chain reaction)
  • TPTZ (2,4,6-tri-(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine)
  • Tris (tris(hydroxymethyl) aminomethane;2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol)
  • Trolox (6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchromane-2-carboxylic acid)
Instrumental
  • DSC (differential scanning calorimeter)
  • GC (gas chromatography)
  • GPC (gel permeation chromatography)
  • IR (infrared)
  • HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography)
  • LC (liquid chromatography)
  • MS (mass spectrometry)
  • NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance)
  • SDS-PAGE (sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis)
  • SEM (scanning electron microscope)
  • TLC (thin layer chromatography)
  • UV (ultraviolet)

September 2021, 54 (3)
Guideline for Abstract Writing and Examples