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Safety evaluation and approval status of genetically modified foods in Korea
Food Sci. Ind. 2019;52:130-139
Published online June 30, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Food Science and Technology.

Yun-Sook Kang1,*

1Department of Food Safety Evaluation, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety
Correspondence to: Yun-Sook Kang, Department of Food Safety Evaluation, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, 187, Osongsaengmyeong2-ro, Osong-eup, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea
Tel: 82-43-719-4351
Fax: 82-43-719-4350
E-mail: yunsook@korea.kr
Received May 9, 2019; Revised June 3, 2019; Accepted June 4, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Safety of genetically modified foods (GM foods) in Korea is evaluated according to「Food Sanitation Act」and「Regulation on safety evaluation for GM foods」based on the concept of substantial equivalence. In which cases a person who imports, develops or manufactures GM foods for the purpose of eating imports GM foods for the first time, he/ she shall undergo a safety evaluation of the relevant foods, etc. by Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS). And in which cases ten years have elapsed since GM foods underwent safety evaluation, they shall be re-evaluated for their safety. As of April 2019, a total of 199 events have been approved by MFDS and they are 169 events of GM crops including soybean (29), maize (87), cotton (29), canola (14), sugar beet (1), potato (4), alfalfa (5), 6 events of GM microorganisms (GMM) and 24 events of GM food additives originated from GMM.
Keywords : genetically modified foods (GM foods), safety evaluation, re-evaluation, GM microorganisms (GMM)


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