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Geographical indication and its trade practices in Europe, USA and China
Food Sci. Ind. 2021;54:246-259
Published online December 30, 2021
© 2021 Korean Society of Food Science and Technology.

Jae Eun Cheon1* and Yimei Xin1

1Pulmuone Co., Ltd.
Correspondence to: *Jae Eun Cheon, Pulmuone Institute of Technology, 29, Osongsaengmyeong 10-ro, Osong-eup, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea
Tel: 043-903-3894
Fax: 02-6499-0129
Received October 21, 2021; Revised November 16, 2021; Accepted November 16, 2021.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Various countries established Geographical Indication (GI) system to protect the right and traditionality of their native products. The regulations vary by country but can be divided accordingly: Protection by trademark systems such as in USA, Special Protection for Geographical Indication as in EU, Protection by both schemes as in China and Korea. Within the systems, countries provide diverse schemes such as PDO and PGI in EU depending on the scope of the product. However, GI system in Korea provides one definition which only protects products that express definite tie to its territory of origin, preliminary with the origin of the ingredient. It is necessary for the government and industry to seek ways to revitalize the local economy in the global market and increase the number of GI products by aligning GI systems with foreign countries and support mutual bilateral agreement.
Keywords : Geographical Indication (GI), trademark, protected geographical indication, protected designation of origin, geographical indications agreement

December 2021, 54 (4)
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