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Understanding the commercial significance of geographical indications and the implications for Korean kimchi through the example of Columbian coffee
Food Sci. Ind. 2021;54:268-277
Published online December 30, 2021
© 2021 Korean Society of Food Science and Technology.

YoungJoo Song1*

1KAI International IP Law Firm
Correspondence to: *YoungJoo Song, KAI International IP Law Firm,4F, 19, Nonhyeon-ro 87-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06236, Korea
Tel: +82-2-3288-3372 (office)
Received October 22, 2021; Revised November 16, 2021; Accepted November 17, 2021.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. This paper explores ways to protect Korean goods as GIs in the U.S. and EU by examining the efforts of the Colombian Coffee Federation (FNC) to protect Colombian coffee. The FNC enhanced the global awareness of Colombian coffee and increased the profits of Colombian coffee producers by registering Colombian coffee as a certification mark in the U.S. and as a GI under the EU’s quality schemes. The Korean government protects kimchi under its own GI system. For kimchi products to earn the label “Korean kimchi,” the three main ingredients must be produced in Korea. This has been a challenge for kimchi producers, who often rely on imported ingredients. Korea could learn from FNC’s strategies to improve the current GI system for kimchi.
Keywords : geographical indication, quality scheme, Colombian coffee, certification mark, Korean kimchi

March 2022, 55 (1)
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